FAQ: Books to read in preparation for doing a data journalism course

This is what you’ll look like after reading all of these books… (“Study of a Man Reading” by Alphonse Legros)

This latest in the frequently asked questions series is an answer to an aspiring data journalism student who asks “Would you be able to direct me to any resources or text books that might help [prepare]?” Here are some recommendations I give to students on my MA in Data Journalism

Books on data journalism as a profession

Data journalism isn’t just the application of a practical skill, but a profession with a culture, a history, and non-technical practices.

For that reason probably the first thing to recommend is not a book, but just general reading (and listening and watching) as much data journalism, and journalism generally, as possible. These mailing lists (and these) are a good start, and following data journalists on Twitter, and the hashtag #ddj, will expose you to the debates taking place in the industry.

In terms of books The Data Journalism Handbooks (one and two) are well worth browsing for case studies and advice on some of the softer elements of data projects (planning, ethics, law, collaboration, etc).

For a deeper dive into newsrooms and the varied roles that data journalism takes on within those, Nikki Usher‘s book Interactive Journalism is well worth reading.

Books for data analysis

Data Journalism Heist

Data Journalism Heist introduces quick data journalism techniques

I hope you’ll excuse me recommending my own books here first, as I wrote them to address the lack of existing books on data journalism techniques. Data Journalism Heist introduces basic spreadsheet skills (pivot tables), while Finding Stories With Spreadsheets goes into much more depth on a range of journalistic applications of Excel & Google Sheets functions.

Scraping for Journalists teaches coding in a journalistic context (and you can get all three as a discounted bundle if you want to go all-in).

Moving swiftly on… if you want to do data analysis with R you could go to Hadley Wickham‘s R For Data Science or if sticking with Python data journalist Ben Walsh‘s First Python Notebook ebook is a really good introduction to the pandas library.

With all of these books it helps if you have your own practical project to get stuck into — keep it relatively simple at first (like “what’s the most common crime in my area” using open data), then add complexity as you grow in confidence.

Books for data visualisation and interactivity

The Functional Art

The Functional Art is the first of two Alberto Cairo books on data visualisation

In terms of data visualisation Dona Wong‘s Wall Street Journal Guide to Information Graphics is both succinct and news-focused, and Alberto Cairo‘s books The Functional Art and The Truthful Art are recommended next steps.

Ian Bogost at al’s Newsgames is worth reading to give you ideas around interactivity and play in journalism.

It’s tricky to recommend practical data visualisation books as it depends what you’re trying to achieve (maps or charts? Interactivity?) and what language you prefer – but both Walsh’s and Wickham’s books mentioned above go into data visualisation in Python and R respectively.

Again, I would recommend having your own projects here, and keeping them simple to start with. Master the basic principles of visualisation (using the right chart, choosing colour schemes, etc.) using free tools such as Datawrapper, Infogram and Flourish first, before creating your own custom visualisations.

Books on data validity and statistics

The Tiger That Isn't

The authors of The Tiger That Isn’t produce a regular podcast on numbers in the news

Some reading on statistics and data validity is important. Jonathan Stray‘s The Curious Journalist’s Guide to Data is a good one to start with.

Darrell Huff‘s How to Lie With Statistics is a classic that also has the benefit of being a quick read, while The Tiger That Isn’t by Dilnot and Blastland looks at numbers from a journalistic perspective (it’s worth subscribing to Blastland’s BBC podcast More Or Less too).

Freakonomics is another book(s) and podcast to add to that list, as is Data Feminism (free online).

Books on data cleaning

Data cleaning is enormously important but there aren’t many books on the skill. You will find it covered in some of the chapters in Finding Stories With Spreadsheets, as well as Hadley Wickham’s R For Data Science, but the Packt ebook Using Open Refine has the advantage of covering cleaning with Open Refine specifically, an essential addition to any data journalist’s toolkit.

Don’t forget the non-data skills

The Universal Journalist

David Randall’s The Universal Journalist

So far all the recommendations have focused on the data side of data journalism — but data journalists also need to be able to find case studies and experts, to interview people, understand complex systems and source key documents, and to be able to make a legal and ethical case for what you are doing.

On that front I particularly like David Randall‘s focus on the softer skills of newsgathering in The Universal Journalist, while Tony Harcup‘s Journalism: Principles and Practice takes in both the practical side and critical issues in the field. You should also have a book on media law and regulation in your country (in the UK that would be McNae’s).

General reading

A large part of the skill of data journalism is the ability to look at things from a different perspective. So I really like The Information by James Gleick as a broader insight into a conceptual understanding of data which can help you see opportunities for data journalism that others might miss.

Advertisements

1 thought on “FAQ: Books to read in preparation for doing a data journalism course

  1. Pingback: FAQ: Books to read in preparation for doing a data journalism course (Online Journalism Blog) | ResearchBuzz: Firehose

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.