Network analysis offers enormous potential for journalism: able to tease out controversial connections and curious clusters, and to make visible that which we could not otherwise see, it’s also often about relationships and power.
It is both a data journalism technique and an open source intelligence (OSINT) technique — and yet it is relatively underused in both, most likely because the tools to do network analysis have only become accessible in the last few years.
Here, then, is an introduction for journalists, adapted from my lectures on the MA in Data Journalism at Birmingham City University.
How network analysis is used in journalism
Network analysis is, simply, a way of making relationships between entities visible.
It might be used in journalism to generate or check leads (by showing unusual patterns), to communicate the story itself (i.e. to show those patterns to others) or to allow readers to explore a system. Continue reading